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Friday, April 17, 2020 | History

1 edition of Local structure from diffraction found in the catalog.

Local structure from diffraction

Simon J. L. Billinge

Local structure from diffraction

[proceedings of a Conference on Local Structure from Diffraction, held August 10-13, 1997, in Traverse City, Michigan]

by Simon J. L. Billinge

  • 281 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Springer in New York, NY [u.a.] .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statemented. by S.J.L. Billinge ...
SeriesFundamental materials research
ContributionsConference on Local Structure from Diffraction. <1997, Traverse City, Mich.>.
The Physical Object
Pagination412 S.
Number of Pages412
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25565855M
ISBN 101441932941
ISBN 109781441932945
OCLC/WorldCa700401403

1 Powder Diffraction 1 Kenneth D. M. Harris and Andrew Williams Introduction 1 The Similarities and Differences Between Single-Crystal nd Powder XRD 2 Qualitative Aspects of Powder XRD: 'Fingerprinting' of Crystalline Phases 6 Quantitative Aspects of Powder XRD: Some reliminaries Relevant to Crystal Structure Determination 8 The Fourier transformation of diffraction data into real space produces a Pair Distribution Function (PDF) that provides a model-independent "snapshot" of the local structure within the sample. The PDF(r) thus probes both static and dynamic atomic correlations (and also magnetic spin-spin correlations in the case of neutron diffraction).


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Local structure from diffraction by Simon J. L. Billinge Download PDF EPUB FB2

The emphasis is on basic science rather than on applications. Each book focuses on a single area of current interest and brings together leading experts to give an up-to-date discussion of their work and the work of others.

Each article contains enough references that the interested reader can access the relevant literature. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: "Proceedings of a Conference on Local Structure from Diffraction, held August, in Traverse City, Michigan"--Title page verso.

This series of books, which is published at the rate of about one per year, addresses fundamental problems in materials science. The contents cover a broad range of topics from small clusters of atoms to engineering materials and involve chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, with.

Genre/Form: Electronic books: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Local structure from diffraction. New York: Plenum Press, © (DLC) The local structure is a term in nuclear spectroscopy that refers to the structure of the nearest neighbours around an atom in crystals and molecules.E.g.

in crystals the atoms order in regularly on wide ranges to form even gigantic highly ordered crystals ().However, crystals in reality are never perfect and have impurities or defects, which means, that a foreign atom resides on a lattice. The effects of diffraction are often seen in everyday life.

The most striking examples of diffraction are those that involve light; for example, the closely spaced tracks on a CD or DVD act as a diffraction grating to form the familiar rainbow pattern seen when looking at a disc. This principle can be extended to engineer a grating with a structure such that it will produce any diffraction.

Ideal as a complementary reference work to other volumes in the series (Local Structural Characterisation and Multi Length-Scale Characterisation), or as an examination of the specific characterisation techniques in their own right, Structure from Diffraction Methods is a valuable addition to the Inorganic Materials Series.

The structure turns out to be very similar to that of the corresponding Al () − (√ 5 × √ 5) R ° − Yb phase, as determined by LEED and photoelectron diffraction [63]. As can be seen from the figure, Na atoms are adsorbed in substitutional sites formed by displacing 1/5 ML Al atoms from the first Al layer.

However, information about short-range order is contained in the diffuse scattering intensity. This is difficult to analyze because it is low in absolute intensity (though the integrated intensity may be significant) and widely spread in reciprocal ental Materials Research: Local Structure from Diffraction (Paperback)Brand: S J L Billinge; M F Thorpe.

Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Ever since, the method has been used to study the crystal structure, microstructure and local structure of materials, and it provides a valuable alternative to single-crystal diffraction when crystals of suitable size and shape are not available.

This book by Dinnebier, Leineweber and Evans is an excellent read about this cornerstone method of Author: Tomče Runčevski. S.J.L. Billinge (Editor), M.F.

Thorpe (Editor), "Local Structure from Diffraction" (Repost) Structure from Diffraction Methods: Inorganic Materials Series; X-Ray Diffraction for Materials Research: From Fundamentals to Applications.

Local structure of LiNiO2 studied by neutron diffraction J.-H. Chung* Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Laboratory for Research on the Structure of the Matter, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaUSA Th.

Proffen Lujan Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New MexicoUSA S. Shamoto. These changes alter the diffraction conditions in reciprocal space, and result in characteristic features in the diffracted intensity.

These diffraction features can be used to model the local strain and dislocation structure of advanced materials. Diffraction: Spatially-Resolved Local Structure and Defects Introduction to Crystallography (Dover Books on Chemistry) Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials, Second Edition Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography.

Local and near surface structure from diffraction. Author links open overlay panel This special topic of Materials Science and Engineering A highlights novel applications of X-ray and neutron diffraction for the analysis of a range of materials, including conventional and nanostructured materials, thin films, bio-inspired materials, and Cited by: 1.

The reciprocal lattice and integrated diffraction intensity from crystals and symmetry analysis of crystals are explained.

To learn the method of X-ray diffraction crystallography well and to be able to cope with the given subject, a certain number of exercises is presented in the book to calculate specific values for typical examples.

Single-crystal neutron diffraction measures the elastic Bragg reflection intensities from crystals of a material, the structure of which is the subject of investigation.

A single crystal is placed in a beam of neutrons produced at a nuclear reactor or at a proton accelerator-based spallation source. v) X-ray diffraction statistically gives us a good idea of the average sample, electron diffraction in TEM allows us to obtain local structure information.

vi) In contrast to X-ray diffraction, the Ewald sphere is very flat for electron diffraction in TEM. Diffraction Techniques in Structural Biology. This book combines a general overview of diffraction methods with a step-by-step description of the process of a single-crystal X-ray structure determination experiment, from chemical synthesis or expression to phasing.

X-ray crystallography (XRC) is the experimental science determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline structure causes a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.

By measuring the angles and intensities of these diffracted beams, a crystallographer can produce a three-dimensional picture of the density of electrons within the. Free 2-day shipping. Buy Local Structure from Diffraction at Free PDF Strain and Dislocation Gradients from Diffraction: Spatially-Resolved Local Structure and Defects.

We will certainly reveal you the best as well as best means to get book Strain And Dislocation Gradients From Diffraction: Spatially-Resolved Local Structure And Defects in this world.

Great deals of compilations that will support your responsibility will certainly be right here. Basic diffraction theory has numerous important applications in solid-state physics and physical metallurgy, and this graduate-level text is the ideal introduction to the fundamentals of the discipline.

Development is rigorous (throughout the book, the treatment is carried far enough to relate to experimentally observable quantities) and stress is placed on modern applications to nonstructural /5(4).

Fund of Mat Sci: Structure – Lecture 19 FROM DIFFRACTION TO STRUCTURE Images removed for copyright reasons. 3-fold symmetry in silicon along File Size: 1MB. During the last decade we have been witness to several exciting achievements in electron crystallography.

This includes structural and charge density studies on organic molecules complicated inorganic and metallic materials in the amorphous, nano- meso- and quasi-crystalline state and also development of new software, tailor-made for the special needs of electron crystallography.

Local structural studies using neutron total scattering reveal that well-ordered GeO5 square pyramidal groups form in the structure at low temperature, but that Oint becomes significantly more. Abstract: We report crystal and local structure analysis of lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO 2), the well-known cathode materials for Li-ion battery, started from synthesizing the samples, characterizing samples using X-ray diffraction and electrical conductivity measurements, and performing the time-of-flight (TOF) neutron diffraction studies using IBARAKI Neutron Design Diffractometer (iMATERIA.

By TH Kim, GW Lee, B Sieve, et al., Published on 01/01/ Title. In situ high-energy X-ray diffraction study of the local structure of supercooled liquid SiCited by: Powder diffraction is a widely used scientific technique in the characterization of materials with broad application in materials science, chemistry, physics, geology, pharmacology and archaeology.

Powder Diffraction: Theory and Practice provides an advanced introductory text about modern methods and applications of powder diffraction in research and industry. The authors begin with a brief.

Purchase Diffraction - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. This book provides a clear and very broadly based introduction to crystallography, light, X-ray and electron diffraction - a knowledge which is essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which is otherwise generally covered in subject-specific and more mathematically detailed texts.

Written by more than 30 X-ray diffraction experts from 9 countries/regions, this book consists of 11 chapters examining the development of the XRD technique and demonstrating various new opportunities for its chapter discusses timely and important subjects surrounding the XRD technique, including the past and future of the Format: Hardcover.

The first edition of this highly successful book appeared in and evolved from lecture notes for classes in physical optics, diffraction physics and electron microscopy given to advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

The book deals with electron diffraction and diffraction from disordered or imperfect crystals and employed an approach using the Fourier transform from the beginning 3/5(1).

particular, that the diffraction patterns contain information about all three vector components of the spin and orbital magnetic moments. DOI: /PhysRevB P A CS number(s): Ideal as a complementary reference work to other volumes in the series (Local Structural Characterisation and Multi Length-Scale Characterisation), or as an examination of the specific characterisation techniques in their own right, Structure from Diffraction Methods is a valuable addition to the Inorganic Materials Series.

I don’t know if these are the best, but I’m currently going through some more in-depth private study of the material myself for lab work (I’ve got a lot to read). Specifically the material I’m looking at is x-ray diffraction, but these books might.

Purchase Diffraction Physics - 3rd Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN As-sputtered and melt-quenched amorphous structures together with the laser-induced crystallized structure of Ge-Sb-Te thin films were investigated using high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM) and nanobeam electron diffraction (NBED).

Each of the Ge-Sb-Te thin films was embedded in a four-layered stack, which is the same as the layered structure of phase-change optical by: since, the method has been used to study the crystal structure, microstructure and local structure of materials, and it provides a valuable alternative to single-crystal diffraction when crystals of suitable size and shape are not available.

This book by Dinnebier, Leineweber and Evans is an excellent read about this cornerstone method of crystal-Author: Tomče Runčevski.

Two-dimensional diffraction using area detectors Powder diffraction under non-ambient conditions Local structure from total scattering and atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis Computer software for powder diffraction.

Subject headings Spectrum analysis. Powders--Optical properties. ISBN.The book is a collection of principles and methods stressing X-ray diffraction rather than metallurgy. KEY TOPICS: The book is written entirely in terms of the Bragg law and can be read without any knowledge of the reciprocal lattice.

It is divided into three main parts—Fundamentals; experimental .X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) X-rays are electromagnetic waves with a wavelength in the range of interatomic distances ( Å). This match of length scales makes them suitable for the study of crystalline materials. For single-phase materials the crystal structure can be obtained directly using X-Ray diffraction (XRD).File Size: KB.